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Skincare for beginners

The first step of any skincare routine is to identify your skin type, the main types being dry, oily, combination and normal. However, do not forget that your skin type can change over time with hormones, medication and stress being possible causes.

Dry skin

  • The skin will feel tight and itchy
  • Possible flakiness
  • Small pores (produce limited sebum)

Oily skin

  • Shiny appearance
  • Possible thickened skin/spots present
  • Visible pores (high production of sebum)

Combination skin

  • Oily T zone
  • Mixture of both oily and dehydrated skin
  • Can have both small and large pores

Normal skin

  • Smooth appearance, not prone to sensitivity
  • Healthy glow
  • Fine pores

Once you have identified your skin type, a simple routine should be followed morning and evening. The basic steps being firstly to cleanse the skin in order to remove makeup and dirt. The cleanser you use should reflect your skin type. For example, dry skin should use a creamy cleanser, whereas oily skin should use a foaming cleanser. Secondly, toner should be used to remove any remains of cleanser and to hydrate the skin. Try to avoid alcohol based toners which will only dry the skin out. The final step is to moisturise, again choosing one suitable for your skin type. Dry skin will need a rich cream whilst oily skin requires a lotion or water based moisturiser.

Diet and lifestyle also plays a significant role in the appearance of your skin. Drinking plenty of water to keep skin supple and hydrated, as well as consuming a wide variety of fresh fruit and vegetables which contain essential vitamins and minerals is important in maintaining healthy skin.

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